Free Massage Event @ block 517 bedok north ave 2 Void deck

Hi all, another free massage event!

Venue: block 517 bedok north ave 2 Void deck
Date : 23 August 2015 Sunday
Time: timing changed...
Attire: white top with collar for volunteers assisting.

We apologize for the late info as this is a last minute request and there is not much details provided.

All existing and new students/trainers are encouraged to come.

We look forward to seeing ALL of you!

Thank you!

Coping With Stress

Stress has been described as a 21st century plague. The correlation between stress and depressed immune function is well documented. About 70% of disorders are directly or indirectly related to stress. These include hypertension, heart disease, insomnia, onset of malignancy, depression and digestive disorders.

Doctors understand this but do not have the time to spend on getting to the underlying causes of stress. A GP's average consultation lasts 10 minutes or less. Treating symptoms with drugs offers short-term benefits.. Patients are concerned about side-effects and also dislike this impersonal approach, whereas Reflexology does not conflict with orthodox treatment. Many people are choosing Reflexology as a non-invasive way of coping with stress.

What Does Reflexology Offer?

Touch Technique

The sympathetic nervous system initiates the stress response. Reflexology activates the parasympathetic nervous system that is concerned with relaxation and recuperation. This helps patients move from being stuck in the sympathetic overactive state to one of deep relaxation. The effect is cumulative, and allows the body's systems to achieve normal balance . Studies show that if stress is managed properly, the immune system returns to normal. This lessens the likelihood of chronic health problems. It is also easier to face difficulties when mentally and physically relaxed.

Tension is held in the muscles which affects nerves and circulation. Existing conditions such as backache, neck pain, headaches, joint pain or sciatica are exacerbated by this. As muscular tension is released, pain is lessened. As nerve function improves and blood and lymph circulates freely, overall health and wellbeing improves. Touch is also a basic form of communication to convey empathy.


Empathy and understanding are therapeutic in themselves. Reflexology is a patient-centred therapy, built on good practitioner/patient relationships. Relationships that are built on trust where patients are empowered and supported in making the necessary changes in their lives. It is very important to devote sufficient time to this. Reflexology practice acknowledges the interaction of the mind, body and spirit. Stress can be mental, physical or emotional and so this is significant.

Case Example

Louise suffered from chronic eczema covering her face and body. It had an adverse psychological effect on her. She then went off to university where she was virtually free of it. After returning home her eczema became chronic.

When I saw Louise she was very stressed and avoided eye-contact. Her self-esteem was low. Her face and back were covered in eczema. I warned her that Reflexology brings symptoms out and that her eczema might get worse initially. This was the case and then her eczema cleared.
It became apparent that her condition was exacerbated by the stress of an overbearing parent. Louise was relieved to discuss this delicate problem. She became relaxed and confident and decided to leave home for the sake of her health. Without reflexology, none of this would have happened.

Cancer Care

Coping with cancer is very stressful. Reflexology is particularly helpful in calming and supporting cancer patients. In many cases it relieves the side-effects of cancer treatments. It can also provide pain relief and functional improvement.

The Stress Response

Understanding how the body responds to stress makes us aware of how persistent exposure to stress causes disorders. Our primitive ancestors had to face life-threatening challenges such as attacks from wild animals. The body is programmed to respond to physical threats, instantly, via complex biological changes. This is called the 'fight or flight' response because there is only a split second to decide when to fight or flee.

The stressors we face today are usually of a psychological nature. They can relate to stress associated with relationships, employment, finance, housing or commuting etc. The body has not adapted to the rapid changes in modern society. It responds, as it has for centuries, by preparing for emergency physical action. Persistent stress takes its toll on health when the body is constantly placed in a high state of alert:

  • Muscles tense ready for action;
  • Heart-rate speeds up to circulate more blood to the muscles, brain and lungs;
  • Blood pressure rises;
  • Spleen pours more red blood cells into the bloodstream;
  • The airways dilate to increase oxygen intake from the lungs to the bloodstream;
  • Breathing becomes deeper and more rapid;
  • The hormone noradrenaline increases the rate at which blood clots in case of injury;
  • Stored glucose from the liver and fats stored in tissues are mobilized to supply extra fuel for the body;
  • The steroid hormone cortisol is released to reduce inflammation and to heal wounds. It suppresses allergic reactions;
  • Mental alertness and senses are sharpened. Pupils dilate to improve vision and hearing becomes more acute.

How Stress Contributes To Illness

Stress can be modified, but not eliminated; it needs to be managed. A moderate amount of stress is essential to help us attain our goals. It is the repeated or prolonged exposure to stress that invariably contributes to disorder. In prolonged, distressing situations we want to run away but cannot - we try to cope. This results in the release of an excessive amount of the steroid hormone, cortisol. Overproduction of cortisol suppresses the immune system.

In cases of non-threatening, lengthy challenges we may feel like fighting. If this is not possible, we experience feelings of frustration and anger. This results in the overproduction of the hormone, noradrenaline. It shows how feelings and emotions affect the activation of the stress response.

For example, Eleanor was undergoing a long and difficult divorce. She felt her security was threatened, both emotionally and financially. Her sleep was disturbed. Too much adrenaline had raised her heart-rate, making her agitated and fatigued. She experienced palpitations and had been diagnosed with high blood pressure and prescribed medication.

Her immune system was suppressed and she has had several colds and throat infections. She was angry and wanted to hit out at those responsible, but could not. It gnawed away at her as she tried to cope. Eleanor should have sought help sooner, but now Reflexology has reduced her stress levels.


Research shows that stress has a negative effect on the immune system. There are cells that kill viral-infected cells and they are also anti-bacterial. These particular cells are also considered to prevent the formation of tumours and limit metastatic disease. Studies demonstrate that the function of these cells is reduced in animals and humans who are living in stressful conditions. When they escape from the stress their immune function improves.

Studies have shown that social support lessens susceptibility to infection. Patients with melanoma attended group therapy to reduce psychological distress. This produced improvement in the quantity and function of different types of killer cells. Research also showed that such intervention created a significant increase in patients' survival time

Reflexology - Caring for Older People


Reflexology is increasingly being used in residential care facilities and among many fit older clients who want to maintain their health throughout retirement. There is no doubt that the reality of the silver tsunami of older people, i.e. the baby boomers following the Second World War, presents a considerable challenge that must be confronted not just by government, but by all of society. For the very first time in history, the demographic landscape has changed, and there are now more people in the UK who are aged over 65 than under 16. The International Longevity Centre in New York originally referred to the phenomenon of the ageing population as the "longevity revolution" - a momentous change akin to other milestones in human history which have shaped society, such as the industrial revolution.

Reflexology is a particularly suitable modality for older people as it helps circulation, normalizes bodily functions and can aid detoxification. No outer clothing, except footwear, need be removed, and the techniques can be easily applied in a sitting or reclining position and in many different locations: in bed, in wheelchairs or couches and simple self-help hand exercises can also be taught to be used anywhere. 

With reflexology, the hands and feet are gently stimulated to trigger a self-healing response in specific parts of the body. It is important to register that the process of ageing does not always have to be a negative decline and that the ageing body still has an immense capacity for regeneration and healing given the right impetus. I have run a reflexology clinic for over 16 years at the St Monica Trust in Bristol, where innovative care is provide for all levels of health issues in older people, from sheltered housing to dementia facilities and 24 hour nursing care. 

The aim of introducing reflexology to the Trust's programme of facilities, one of the largest in the UK, was to help chronically sick older people recover a certain degree of health through hand and foot reflexology and their own self-help applications on their hands. Many residents have multiple pathologies, take a number of medications and therefore welcome complementary therapies as a means of regaining some measure of health without potential side effects. It is also empowering to show a person simple self-help reflexology on their hands that they can apply at any time to help ease specific arthritic pain in their shoulder, for example, rub their left palm to ease indigestion or help to bring about deep relaxing sleep at night with a hand rocking technique I have devised.

The advent of improved public health, better medical care and beneficial changes in diet and nutrition has served to limit mortality in both early and later life. Clear evidence is emerging to indicate that the longer the life expectancy, the longer the health life expectancy, but paradoxically, it appears that the period of frailty towards the end of life is also increasing. A Reflexologist will aim to help support an older person to the maximum of their potential through what could be, at worst, an extended life of ill health. In the South west of England where I practise, the total number of people of 65 and over in the South West is projected to rise from 994,700 to over 1,427,600, an increase of 44% between 2008 to 2025. In some areas there is an expectation that the number of people with dementia will rise between 2008 -2025 by 50%. The rise in provision of complementary therapy within care facilities, as well as to the general public, indicates the increasing need to find ways of preserving quality of life for many who may now expect up to live through 35 years of retirement.

Benefits of Reflexology in the Care of Older People

Touch is a potent force in nearly all therapies, and for some isolated or lonely older people, the gentle relaxing sensation that reflexology achieves is the one time they can be treated holistically as the whole body is treated each time and all ailments, large or small, can be addressed. Emotional issues often surface due to the treatment itself, relaxing the person or because the client knows their confidentiality is respected.

Soon after qualifying, in the early 1990s, I worked as a Reflexologist in a long-term medical unit in a Bristol hospital for the older mentally disabled patients, many whom had a mental age of 1 and 5 years. It was often uncomfortable or inappropriate to work their feet, and many who could not verbally communicate, would become calmer when their hands were worked. Examples of a positive response to hand reflexology included a bed-ridden woman with a mental age of 3 years who began humming a tune and smiling when her hands were worked and another, who crouched all day with her arms and legs in a twisted pose, would only straighten and splay her limbs during a hand reflexology session and these effects of reflexology would last for several hours. On another occasion, the heart reflexes on a patient's hands were so sensitive that I alerted the medical staff who ran tests, and diagnosed an angina attack and the early stages of heart failure. 

These experiences at the hospital were formative in my development of Vertical Reflex Therapy (VRT) for the hands. The term Vertical Reflexology is also used to describe the method where the dorsal reflexes on the hands and feet are briefly worked when the hands and feet are weight-bearing. This is obviously not so relaxing for the practitioner or client, but it is compensated by the fact that VRT is applied in this position for a maximum of five minutes only. Most of the VRT techniques can also be used on the passive hands which enhance a treatment but is not so powerful as in the weight-bearing mode. The weight-bearing hands can easily be worked by the therapist or client for a few minutes, and many older residents have commented that with VRT, they can feel warmth and/or their body adjusting as they are being treated. 

Simple self-help techniques can be taught so that the client can work, for example, the bowel reflexes on the palm of the hand to ease constipation, or to rub some reflexes below the little finger to ease inflammation in the shoulder. Medication can sometimes be reduced by a GP following a course of reflexology that has helped the symptoms to ease naturally. I run Sleep Seminars at the St Monica Trust and teach residents a technique called Diaphragm Rocking on their hands to help them get to sleep or return to sleep. Two residents recently told me that this has helped to "buy them more time" in the day .i.e. they sleep better at night, are therefore not so tired in the day which has consequently transformed their afternoons from dozing into time for creative activity.

It is often interesting to see a frail new resident come into the St Monica Trust nursing home facility and begin to recover and improve in health and general mobility once they do not have to struggle to look after themselves. It is important to register that the process of ageing does not always have to be a negative decline, and that the body still has many resources to implement some regeneration, giving a multi-faceted approach to their nursing care. 


1. Booth, Lynne. Vertical Reflexology for Hands. Piatkus Books, London. ISBN: 0-7499-2319-9. 2003.


Source Aurthor

Do not neglect the beneficial role of hand reflexology

The familiar position for a Reflexology session is to lie back in a chair, or on a couch, while the Reflexologist gently and precisely works pressure points on the feet. Hand Reflexology has equal benefits, but is less well known. This treatment is a pleasurable way to relax and receive therapeutic help at the same time, but Reflexology can even offer more when the hands are worked either passively or in a weight-bearing position. Even small children can be taught simple hand techniques to help them sleep or, for example, to aid their breathing if they are asthmatic. Reflexology is a profoundly effective, non-invasive,  therapy which is used extensively in private practice as well as in some hospitals, nursing homes, sports clubs and the workplace.

The Booth Method - Hand Chart

This ancient science states that all the glands, organs and parts of the body have a corresponding reflex point in the feet and hands.  A Reflexologist is trained to detect tiny deposits and tensions that block the nerve and blood supplies to the body. By exerting pressure, using fingers and thumbs, the circulation is improved, and energy and homeostasis (balance) is restored to the body's cells. If the body is in a state of tension,  due to ill health, disease or stress, this imbalance is registered in the feet and hands. 

I have increasingly incorporated hand reflexology into my repertoire with very rewarding results. Some Reflexologists choose not to work the hands; my aim is to encourage therapists to expand their repertoire and for clients to be taught to practise simple self-help hand techniques to alleviate common ailments. Full hand reflexology treatments are often very appropriate for older people with multiple pathologies, but I encourage all practitioners to mix-and-match hand and foot techniques within the same standard treatment sessions. 

What is Vertical Reflex Therapy (VRT)?

Vertical Reflex Therapy (VRT), also known as Vertical Reflexology, is a technique I developed where the weight-bearing hands or standing feet are briefly worked for up to 5 minutes on the dorsal (top) area at the beginning and end of a classical reflexology treatment.[1]  It can also be used as part of shortened 20 minute sessions. In VRT I have mapped out the familiar plantar (sole) reflexes on the dorsum of the hands or feet, giving the reflexes a three-dimensional approach.  A plausible and anatomical explanation for VRT's efficacy is that, anatomically, the nerves on the passive hands and feet are naturally desensitized but, as soon as a hand or foot become weight-bearing, the nerves then become sensitized and the energetic response is stronger. 

VRT Dorsal and Palm Reflexes

I believe that hand reflexology has never been given the prominence it deserves, and yet it is just as effective as foot reflexology.[2]  However, the sensation or responses from the hand reflexes are slightly delayed and may take a few seconds longer to be experienced. Fortunately, many reflexology text books and college syllabus' now encourage students to work the hands; Kristine Walker has been a pioneer in this field and describes some of the highly effective techniques in her book Hand Reflexology: a student text book[3] as does Vertical Reflexology for Hands.[2] 

Reasons for using VRT/Hand Reflexology

Self – help homework for clients on the passive and weight-bearing hands can be highly effective between treatments to help accelerate the healing response. A VRT practitioner will often give their client a hand chart marked with 3-4 specific key reflexes that are stimulated twice a day for only 1-2 minutes in total. A professional Championship footballer followed these simple instructions and stated "VRT is great for accelerating recovery from various sports injuries. I've also learnt lots of beneficial self-help VRT techniques to use in between treatments. It has helped me immensely to reach my peak, at every level." 

In 2002 a small study in the workplace on VRT and Hands[4] reported an 80% improvement in some ailments in only four weeks and I am convinced that these impressive results came about because the clients briefly worked their own hands each day. Hand reflexology can be discreetly used in many different settings and employers of large multinational companies are inviting reflexologists in to treat their staff as it is a pragmatic decision to benefit the individual and collectively help the company. 

Many older people have foot problems ranging from lymphedema, arthritis, skin disease or general immobility that makes access to the feet difficult or impossible. The hands are not only far more accessible, but they have many positive factors that make them easier to treat than the feet. For example, the sinus reflexes cover a wider area on the fingers although the spinal hand reflexes are compressed compared to the foot, but can be stimulated by precise work on the accessible smaller bony medial side of the hand. Working the hands, rather than feet, can appear more intimate, so personal space must always be respected, and I make a point of letting a client know I am about to take their hand, and I talk them through what I will be doing as I start to work. This puts the touch into a therapeutic mode and creates a natural professional 'distance' between the Reflexologist and client.


There is no difference between VRT and classical reflexology in terms of contraindications; the hands and feet respond equally well.. However, some additional, commonsense 'rules' do apply when applying VRT, i.e. if the client is frail, prone to dizziness or unsteady on their feet, the therapist should treat the client's semi-weight-bearing feet (or hands pressed on a book or tray) while they remain seated. 


Hand reflexology is the obvious choice for particular client groups and conditions, and is especially relevant when giving a person self-help instructions. Many people, who do not like their feet touched, may be willing to receive hand reflexology; this can widen the client base as well as allowing discreet first aid reflexology in situations where the removal of shoes would be inappropriate. 

Hand Reflexology for Asthma and Sleep Problems 

An eight year old girl had a VRT/reflexology treatment for a chronic asthmatic condition that caused her to miss some games and gym lessons at school. She was a nervous child who often could not get to sleep at night and lay awake worrying. She had hand and foot VRT/Reflexology and I connected the lung and bronchial dorsal reflexes as the fleshy reflex area felt very tender and gritty to the touch, suggesting an imbalance. I taught her to work her own hands if she woke in the night by using a gentle rocking movement of the solar plexus/diaphragm reflexes called Diaphragm Rocking. Over a period of weeks she began to sleep better and experienced less asthmatic wheezing. She also learnt how to press her hand firmly down on a desk at the first sign of a wheeze to work the bronchial and lung reflexes near the webbing between the thumb and index finger. She felt that this action sometimes helped to avert a very mild asthma attack and on several occasions, following this method, she did not need to use her inhaler, and her breathing naturally regulated. 


1. Booth, Lynne. Vertical Reflexology. Publ Piatkus Books, London.. ISBN: 0-7499-2132-3. 2000.
2. Booth, Lynne. Vertical Reflexology for Hands. Publ Piatkus Books, London. ISBN: 0-7499-2319-9. 2003.
3.   Kristine Walker. Hand Reflexology : a text book for students. Quay Books, a division of Mark Allen Publishing Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1856422086. 2002.
Short Study
4     Booth, Lynne. Small study on VRT and reflexology in the workplace study, July 2002.


Source Aurthor

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